Soweto, although eventually incorporated into Johannesburg, had been separated as a residential area for blacks, who were not permitted to live in Johannesburg proper.
Johannes Meyer, the first government official in the area is another possibility. Rissik and Joubert were members of a delegation sent to England to attain mining rights for the area.
Joubert had a park in the city named after him and Rissik Street is today a main street where the historically important and dilapidated The region surrounding Johannesburg was originally inhabited by San people.
By the 13th century, groups of Bantu-speaking people started moving southwards from central Africa and encroached on the indigenous San population.
Clockwise, from top: Johannesburg Art Gallery, the Hillbrow skyline at night, Nelson Mandela Square in Sandton, Johannesburg CBD looking east over the M1 Freeway, the University of the Witwatersrand's East Campus and Montecasino in Fourways.
While Johannesburg is not one of South Africa's three capital cities, it is the seat of the Constitutional Court.
The city is located in the mineral-rich Witwatersrand range of hills and is the center of large-scale gold and diamond trade.
due to the extremely large gold deposit found along the Witwatersrand.
The name is attributed to one or all of three men involved in the establishment of the city.
In ten years, the population was 100,000 inhabitants.
A separate city from the late 1970s until the 1990s, Soweto is now part of Johannesburg.
Originally an acronym for "South-Western Townships", Soweto originated as a collection of settlements on the outskirts of Johannesburg, populated mostly by native African workers from the gold mining industry.