Three hundred descendants of forcibly converted Iberian Jews (known as “Bnei Anousim”) gathered in the Italian city of Palermo on Sunday, for tours and lectures connected to the 2016 European Days of Jewish Culture.The Jews of Italy have strong bi-cultural roots dating back to the second century BCE, when many Israelites, under the leadership of Judah Maccabeus, left the land of Israel to go the "Eternal City" (Rome).They also settled in Naples and in various localities in the southern part of the peninsula.
dating port orange fl - Dating versions of the lords prayer
It was not until the Jewish revolts in 132 CE, culminating in the destruction of the Second Temple in Jerusalem in 70 CE, that the Jewish-Roman alliance was broken and the Jews were forced into slavery.
Approximately 10,000 Jews were transported to Rome to be used as work hands to help build the Coliseum.
This image of history remains frozen in time for all to see in the ’Arch of Titus,’ where the Roman victory over the Jews is etched in stone.
Although enslaved, the Jewish population in Rome flourished.
Thirteen synagogues and numerous Jewish cemeteries were built.
Many Jewish communities were established in southern and northern cities in Italy as well, such as Taranto, Ferrara and Milan.
Nevertheless, many Romans despised the Jews and considered their rituals to be barbaric.
Throughout history, the status of Italy’s Jews depended largely on who was in control of either the Roman Empire or the Church.
The endorsement of Christianity as a ’legal’ religion in 313 CE by the Emperor Constantine marked a transition for Italy’s Jews from an era of acceptance to one of discrimination.
The situation for the Jews worsened in 380 CE, when the Edict of Tessa Lonica of Teodosia recognizing Christianity as the official religion of the Empire was enacted, with very little tolerance for Judaism or other religions.
After the fall of the Roman Empire (circa 476 CE), the state of Jewish life depended on which invading army or power gained the upper hand.